December 26, 2004
The 2004 Asian Tsunami was a disaster that affected many countries and killed hundreds of thousands of people. At 0:59 GMT on 26 December 2004, the India tectonic plate slid underneath its neighbor the Burma microplate, raising it by about 10 meters. The earthquake caused a powerful tsunami that was one of the deadliest in modern history and devastated coastlines around the Indian Ocean.

The earthquake had a magnitude of 9.0 and was the biggest since the Good Friday Earthquake off Alaska in 1964 which had a magnitude of 9.2. Entire towns were wiped from the map, more than 200,000 people were killed, and millions have been left in urgent need of food and shelter. The epicenter of the earthquake was near the island of Simeulu, off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. The wave hit Indonesia and Thailand within an hour, and then Sri Lanka and India, and eventually reaching as far as eastern Africa. This tsunami destroyed most of the shores of Indonesia, Sri Lanka, South India, Thailand and other places with waves of 15 m (50 ft) high. It caused serious damage and deaths as far as the east coast of Africa